Category Archives: Microbiology

Self-assessment clinical questions for microbiology

  1. Which organism is responsible for causing most cases of bacterial pneumonia in adults? A) Streptococcus pneumoniae B) Haemophilus influenzae C) Staphylococcus aureus D) Legionella pneumophila 2. A patient presents with watery diarrhea and abdominal cramps after consuming contaminated food. Which pathogen is the most likely cause? A) Escherichia coli (E. coli) B) Salmonella… Read More »

Microbiology mnemonics

  1. “GEL”: Gram-positive, Enzyme-coagulase-positive, Lancefield group A – Characteristics of Staphylococcus aureus. 2. “PECAN”: Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Enterobacter, Citrobacter, Acinetobacter, Serratia, Proteus, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae – Gram-negative rods (Enterobacteriaceae). 3. “SHiN”: Staphylococcus saprophyticus, Haemophilus influenzae, Neisseria gonorrhoeae – Causes of urinary tract infections (UTIs). 4. “Quelling Capsule”: Pneumococcus encapsulation demonstrated in Quellung reaction. 5.… Read More »