Category Archives: Memory

Pharmacology Mnemonics

  1. **ACE Inhibitors Side Effects** – “CAPTOPRIL”: C – Cough A – Angioedema P – Potassium excess (hyperkalemia) T – Taste changes O – Orthostatic hypotension P – Pregnancy contraindicated R – Renal failure (avoid in bilateral renal artery stenosis) I – Impotence L – Leukocytosis (rare) 2. **Beta Blockers Classification** – “NABBA”: N… Read More »


ABCDE – Assessing trauma patients: Airway, Breathing, Circulation, Disability, Exposure. APGAR – Neonatal assessment: Appearance, Pulse, Grimace response, Activity, Respiration. BRAT – Diet for diarrhea: Bananas, Rice, Applesauce, Toast. CAGE – Alcoholism screening: Cut down, Annoyed, Guilty, Eye-opener. CASH – Features of metabolic syndrome: Central obesity, Atherogenic dyslipidemia, Systemic hypertension, Hyperglycemia. CRAB – Symptoms of… Read More »


1. “ATP: All The Power” – Remember that ATP (adenosine triphosphate) is the cell’s energy currency. 2. “GLUT4 to the Floor” – Recall that GLUT4 transporters move glucose to the cell membrane in response to insulin. 3. “PVT TIM HALL” – Order of enzymes in glycolysis: Phosphofructokinase, Aldolase, Triosephosphate isomerase, Hexokinase, Phosphoglucoisomerase, Phosphoglucomutase, Enolase, Pyruvate… Read More »

Anatomy Mnemonics

  List of Three’s in Anatomy You have I nose. You have II eyes. (I – Olfactory; II — Optic) ——————————————————————————– Standing Room Only -Exit of branches of trigeminal nerve from the skull S V1 -Superior orbital fissure, V2 -foramen Rotundum, V3 -foramen Ovale ——————————————————————————– For the order of nerves that pass through the superior… Read More »