Category Archives: Mnemonics

Histology mnemonics

  1. “Apple, Banana, and Cherry” – ABC of exocrine glands: Acinus, Basement membrane, and Centroacinar cells. 2. “Tall Girls Always Look Beautiful” – Layers of epidermis (from deep to superficial): Stratum basale, Stratum spinosum, Stratum granulosum, Stratum lucidum, Stratum corneum. 3. “The Skinny Cat’s Got a Skinny Tail” – Components of a neuron (from… Read More »

Forensic Medicine Mnemonics

  1. MURDER: Motive, Unnatural death, Rigor mortis, Decomposition, Ecchymosis, Rigor mortis. 2. CSI: Crime Scene Investigation. 3. COD: Cause of Death. 4. HOMICIDE: Hanging, Overdose, Motor vehicle accidents, Injuries, Child abuse, Other unnatural causes, Drowning, Environmental exposure. 5. RACE: Rape, Arson, Child abuse, Elder abuse. 6. WOUND: Weapon, Object, Unusual features, Number, Depth. 7.… Read More »

Plastic Surgery Mnemonics

1. “FACE” for Facelift: Facelift Achieves Cosmetic Enhancement. 2. “SASSY” for Breast Implants: Silicone And Saline Surgical Yields. 3. “POTIONS” for Injectable Fillers: Plump Out Those Indentations Or Nasolabial Sagging. 4. “NOSE” for Rhinoplasty: Nasal Osteotomy Shapes Estheticity. 5. “MASK” for Mask Ventilation: Mandible, Airway, Seal, Kilogram (pressure applied). 6. “LIP” for Liposuction: Lipo Is… Read More »

Microbiology mnemonics

  1. “GEL”: Gram-positive, Enzyme-coagulase-positive, Lancefield group A – Characteristics of Staphylococcus aureus. 2. “PECAN”: Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Enterobacter, Citrobacter, Acinetobacter, Serratia, Proteus, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae – Gram-negative rods (Enterobacteriaceae). 3. “SHiN”: Staphylococcus saprophyticus, Haemophilus influenzae, Neisseria gonorrhoeae – Causes of urinary tract infections (UTIs). 4. “Quelling Capsule”: Pneumococcus encapsulation demonstrated in Quellung reaction. 5.… Read More »

Nephrology mnemonics

  1. RIFLE: Risk, Injury, Failure, Loss, End-stage renal disease – A grading system for acute kidney injury. 2. FENa: Fractional Excretion of Sodium – A diagnostic marker for distinguishing prerenal from intrinsic renal causes of acute kidney injury. 3. BUN-to-creatinine ratio: Helps differentiate between prerenal and intrinsic renal causes of acute kidney injury. 4.… Read More »

Urology Mnemonics

  1. **KUB** – Kidneys, Ureters, Bladder: A radiographic abbreviation for an X-ray image of the abdomen to visualize these structures. 2. **CREST Syndrome** – A mnemonic for the features of systemic sclerosis: C – Calcinosis R – Raynaud’s phenomenon E – Esophageal dysmotility S – Sclerodactyly T – Telangiectasia 3. **Hydronephrosis** – “Backs Up”:… Read More »

100 mnemonics for oral surgery

1. ABCD: Airway, Breathing, Circulation, Disability – A quick assessment for emergency situations in oral surgery. 2. WATCH: Wound assessment (type and location), Analgesia, Tetanus status, Cleansing, and Hemostasis. 3. C-CALM: Communication, Consent, Anesthesia, Local Anesthetic, and Monitoring. 4. STOP: Skin preparation, Time out, O2 saturation check, Patient identification – A checklist before starting a… Read More »

Mnemonics for Antibiotics classification

“PEEK STaT” P – Penicillins E – Erythromycins E – Aminoglycosides K – Kefalosporins S – Sulfonamides T – Tetracyclines a – Amphenicols T – Trimethoprim You can remember this mnemonic by thinking of “peeking” at the different classes of antibiotics.   “My Dear Captain, Please Come And Save My Queen” Each capitalized letter corresponds… Read More »

Clubbing Mnemonic

CAUSES OF CLUBBING : Mnemonic 🤓 “ 8C “ #FOAMed #MedTwitter #MedEd #medicaleducation #MedicalStudents #Emergency #internalmedicine — Dr.ShrooqHawati 🇸🇦| د.شروق حَـوَتي (@ShrooqHawati) March 23, 2023 Clubbing, a clinical sign associated with various medical conditions, can be remembered using these five mnemonics: “CLUB” Mnemonic: C – Cyanosis (due to reduced oxygen) L – Loss of… Read More »