Category Archives: Dentistry

Complicated Crown Fracture

A complicated crown fracture, a common dental injury, occurs when a tooth’s outer layer (the enamel) is damaged, exposing the inner dentin and potentially affecting the pulp. This type of fracture can result from various causes, such as accidents, falls, or biting on hard objects. In this article, we will delve into the key aspects… Read More »

Apical periodontitis

Apical periodontitis, a common dental condition, is characterized by inflammation and infection in the tissues surrounding the tooth’s apex or root tip. This ailment typically results from untreated dental caries, dental trauma, or a previously performed dental procedure that didn’t fully address the issue. In this article, we delve into the key aspects of apical… Read More »

Irreversible pulpitis

Irreversible pulpitis is a significant dental condition that demands prompt attention. It occurs when the dental pulp, the innermost part of a tooth containing nerves and blood vessels, becomes inflamed and damaged beyond repair. This condition typically results from untreated or advanced dental caries, trauma, or deep dental restorations. In this article, we will explore… Read More »

Causes of grossly carious molars in children

Grossly carious molars in children, which refer to severely decayed and damaged molar teeth, can be attributed to various causes. In a formal and academic style, here are some key factors contributing to this dental condition: Poor Oral Hygiene: Inadequate brushing and flossing practices can result in the accumulation of dental plaque and the proliferation… Read More »

Effects of Betel Nut Chewing on Dental Health

Introduction: Betal nut, also known as areca nut, is a widely consumed psychoactive substance, particularly in parts of Asia, where it’s often chewed with betel leaves and slaked lime. While its cultural significance and stimulant properties are well-known, it’s essential to shed light on the not-so-sweet consequences of betel nut chewing for dental health, especially… Read More »

Cervical Caries: Causes, Symptoms, Prevention, and Treatment

Cervical caries, often referred to as root caries, is a specific type of dental decay that affects the tooth’s root surface near the gumline. Unlike typical cavities that form on the crown (top) of the tooth, cervical caries target the tooth’s root, making them a distinct dental concern. In this article, we will explore the… Read More »

Understanding Ranula: A Comprehensive Guide for Dental Students

Dental students embarking on their academic journey often encounter various oral conditions, including ranula. Ranula is a relatively uncommon but noteworthy condition that dental professionals should be acquainted with. In this article, we will delve into the essential aspects of ranula, encompassing its definition, causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and its relevance to dental practice. Defining… Read More »

USMLE-Type Clinical Questions on Pathophysiology”

1. A 45-year-old male presents with chronic cough, hemoptysis, and weight loss. A chest X-ray reveals a cavitary lesion in the upper lobe of the right lung. What is the most likely diagnosis? a) Bronchial asthma b) Bronchiectasis c) Tuberculosis d) Lung cancer 2. A 60-year-old female with a history of hypertension presents with sudden-onset… Read More »

Retained Deciduous Maxillary Central Incisor

It’s a dental condition where a child’s primary (baby) tooth, specifically the upper central incisor, remains in the oral cavity longer than expected, failing to naturally exfoliate and make way for its permanent successor. This condition, while not uncommon, necessitates attention and understanding for both parents and dental practitioners. Retained deciduous maxillary central incisors, often… Read More »

Hidden Caries

Hidden caries, also known as occult caries, presents a substantial challenge in the field of dentistry. This article explores the nuances of this dental condition in a concise and academic manner. Hidden caries refers to dental decay that is not readily visible or detectable by the naked eye during a routine dental examination. It often… Read More »

Causes and Presentation of Generalized Fluorosis of Teeth

A 38-year-old male living in the desert region presents with complaints of pain in posterior molars and esthetic concerns. Clinical examination showed carious exposures of right and left maxillary first molars. The patient has a history of living in Tharparkar ( a desert region in Pakistan) where the level of fluoride in water is high.… Read More »

The Link Between High Sugar Diets and Dental Caries: Preventive Strategies

Dental caries, commonly known as tooth decay or cavities, is a prevalent oral health issue worldwide. Among the myriad factors contributing to dental caries, high-sugar diets have emerged as a leading culprit. This article explores the intricate relationship between excessive sugar consumption and dental caries while also highlighting effective preventive strategies to maintain optimal oral… Read More »

Understanding Chronic Apical Abscess: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Introduction: Chronic apical abscess is a dental condition characterized by an infection at the tip of the tooth’s root. It is typically caused by untreated dental decay, trauma, or a failed root canal treatment. In this article, we will explore the causes, symptoms, and available treatment options for chronic apical abscess. 1. Causes of Chronic… Read More »

Overjet’s Dental AI Platform Helps Modernize Utilization Review and Improve Oral Health

Overjet is a dental artificial intelligence (AI) platform that supports dental service organizations (DSOs), dentists, dental groups, insurance companies, and health plans in improving oral health[3]. The platform evaluates clinical performance by combining clinical AI findings in radiographs with patient and treatment data from the practice management system. These findings are then used by clinical… Read More »

Oral Pathology MCQs

1. Which of the following lesions is NOT considered a potentially malignant disorder? – Oral submucous fibrosis – Lichen planus – Leukoplakia – Actinic cheilitis 2. Which pathology is most commonly associated with smokeless tobacco use? – Leukoplakia – Candidiasis – Squamous cell carcinoma – Aphtous ulcer 3. All of the following are associated with… Read More »