A real life tongue twister. What’s the diagnosis? pic.twitter.com/bJC8tmpphW
— Keith Siau (@drkeithsiau) March 23, 2023
Geographic tongue, also known as benign migratory glossitis, is a benign condition of the tongue that is characterized by irregular, red patches on the surface of the tongue that can change in shape and size over time. These patches can have a white or yellowish border and can appear to be “mapped” like a geographic region, which is how the condition gets its name.
The exact cause of geographic tongue is not fully understood, but it is believed to be related to a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Some studies suggest that it may be associated with autoimmune disorders or allergies, but more research is needed to understand the underlying mechanisms.
Geographic tongue is typically painless and does not require treatment. In some cases, patients may experience mild discomfort or sensitivity to spicy or acidic foods. If symptoms are bothersome, treatment options may include topical corticosteroids, anesthetics, or antihistamines to alleviate symptoms. However, these treatments are usually reserved for patients with severe symptoms, as the condition is usually self-limiting and resolves on its own without treatment.