Author Archives: drsheraz

MCQs on cerebroplacental ratio (CPR)

What does the cerebroplacental ratio (CPR) measure in gestational ultrasound? A) Blood flow between the brain and the heart B) Ratio of blood flow between the fetal middle cerebral artery and the umbilical artery C) Blood flow from the placenta to the fetus D) Blood flow between the fetal lungs and liver What is the… Read More »

Questions on B cell lymphoma

1. A 65-year-old male presents with painless lymphadenopathy and night sweats. A lymph node biopsy reveals a diffuse proliferation of large B cells with a high mitotic index. Which translocation is most likely associated with this condition? 2. A patient with B cell lymphoma has a flow cytometry report showing CD19+, CD20+, CD10+, and BCL6+… Read More »

AI powered study tools for medical students

AI-powered study tools for medical students leverage artificial intelligence to enhance learning efficiency, personalize study experiences, and provide in-depth insights into progress and areas for improvement. Here are some of the key AI-powered study tools and their features: 1. Adaptive Learning Platforms Description: These platforms use AI to tailor the learning experience to the individual… Read More »

MCQs on renal dialysis

1. Which of the following is not a type of renal dialysis? A) Hemodialysis B) Peritoneal dialysis C) Renal transplantation D) Conservative management 2. Hemodialysis access is usually achieved through: A) Arteriovenous fistula B) Peritoneal catheter C) Renal vein catheterization D) Renal artery bypass 3. All of the following are indications for initiation of dialysis… Read More »

MCQs on Fetal ultrasound

1. A 28-year-old woman presents for a routine prenatal ultrasound at 20 weeks’ gestation. The ultrasound shows a single umbilical artery. The most appropriate next step is: A. Amniocentesis B. Detailed fetal echocardiogram C. Repeat ultrasound in 4 weeks D. No further action required 2. A 32-year-old woman presents for a prenatal ultrasound at 18… Read More »

MCQs on Radiology

1. A 45-year-old woman presents with chronic cough and hemoptysis. A chest radiograph shows a spiculated mass in the right upper lobe. The most appropriate next step in the management of this patient is: A. CT-guided biopsy B. Bronchoscopy C. Surgical resection D. Watchful waiting 2. A 60-year-old man with a history of smoking presents… Read More »

Artificial Intelligence and new Antibiotic discovery

The Global Threat of Antimicrobial Resistance Antimicrobial resistance poses a serious global threat as some bacterial infections are becoming increasingly difficult, and sometimes impossible, to treat due to the emergence and spread of drug-resistant microorganisms. According to the World Health Organization, antimicrobial resistance is one of the top 10 global public health threats facing humanity.… Read More »

How to Survive Medical School

Going through medical school is one of the biggest challenges a person can take on. The coursework is incredibly intense and demanding, requiring countless hours of studying each week just to keep up. On top of that, medical students have to balance their studies with other responsibilities like clinical rotations, research projects, extracurricular activities, and… Read More »

MCQs on Community Dentistry

1. Which of the following BEST describes a public health approach to dental care? A) focuses on individual treatment B) emphasizes prevention for populations C) provides care primarily through private practices D) relies on out-of-pocket payments from patients 2. Which group is MOST vulnerable to poor oral health outcomes according to Healthy People 2020 objectives?… Read More »

MCQs on hypothesis generation

  1. A researcher wants to investigate the effect of a new medication on blood pressure. Which of the following is the most appropriate null hypothesis? A) The new medication has no effect on blood pressure. B) The new medication significantly lowers blood pressure. C) The new medication significantly raises blood pressure. D) The new… Read More »

50 MCQs on sample size calculation

1. Which of the following is NOT used in sample size calculation? a) Type I error rate b) Type II error rate c) Randomization ratio d) Hypothesized difference between groups 2. The Type I error rate is usually set at: a) 0.05 b) 0.01 c) 0.1 d) 0.2 3. The Type II error rate is… Read More »

MCQs on liver diseases

1. A 55-year-old man with a history of alcohol abuse presents with new-onset ascites. Which of the following is the most appropriate next step in management? A. Initiate diuretic therapy B. Recommend large-volume paracentesis C. Recommend liver transplantation D. Recommend salt restriction and fluid restriction E. Recommend transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) 2. A 62-year-old… Read More »

MCQs on hepatocellular carcinoma

1. A 65-year-old man with cirrhosis secondary to hepatitis C is found to have a 3 cm liver mass on routine abdominal imaging. Which of the following is the most appropriate next step in management? A. Initiate treatment with sorafenib B. Perform contrast-enhanced CT or MRI of the abdomen C. Recommend liver biopsy D. Recommend… Read More »

 MCQs on Cirrhosis

1. A 55-year-old man with alcohol-related cirrhosis presents with new-onset ascites. Which of the following is the most appropriate next step in management? A. Initiate diuretic therapy B. Recommend large-volume paracentesis C. Recommend liver transplantation D. Recommend salt restriction and fluid restriction E. Recommend transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) 2. A 62-year-old woman with decompensated… Read More »

MCQs on hepatitis E

1. A 35-year-old man presents with acute hepatitis, nausea, vomiting, and jaundice. Serologic testing is positive for IgM anti-hepatitis E virus (HEV) antibodies. Which of the following is the most appropriate next step in management? A. Initiate treatment with ribavirin B. Initiate treatment with pegylated interferon C. Recommend hospitalization for supportive care D. Recommend liver… Read More »

MCQs on Hepatitis C

1. A 55-year-old man presents with fatigue and jaundice. Laboratory tests reveal elevated AST, ALT, and bilirubin levels. Hepatitis C antibody is positive, and HCV RNA is detected. Which of the following is the most appropriate next step in management? A. Initiate treatment with pegylated interferon and ribavirin B. Initiate treatment with sofosbuvir and ledipasvir… Read More »

MCQs on hepatitis B

1. A 35-year-old man is found to have positive hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and positive hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) on routine screening. Which of the following is the most appropriate next step in management? A. Initiate treatment with pegylated interferon B. Initiate treatment with entecavir C. Initiate treatment with lamivudine D. Recommend hepatitis… Read More »

MCQs on Hepatitis A

1. A 30-year-old man presents with 1 week of nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain. Physical examination reveals scleral icterus and hepatomegaly. Laboratory testing shows elevated transaminases and positive IgM anti-hepatitis A virus (HAV) antibodies. Which of the following is the most appropriate management? A. Initiate treatment with pegylated interferon and ribavirin B. Initiate treatment with… Read More »

MCQs on fatty liver disease

1. A 50-year-old obese man with a history of type 2 diabetes presents with fatigue and right upper quadrant abdominal pain. Liver function tests reveal elevated aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels. Ultrasonography shows a hyperechoic liver consistent with fatty infiltration. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis? A. Alcoholic fatty… Read More »

MCQs on Atrial Fibrillation:

1. A 65-year-old man with a history of hypertension and coronary artery disease presents with palpitations, shortness of breath, and decreased exercise tolerance. Electrocardiography reveals irregular, chaotic atrial activity and an irregularly irregular ventricular response. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis? A. Atrial flutter B. Atrial fibrillation C. Ventricular tachycardia D. Supraventricular… Read More »