MCQs on Congestive Heart Failure

1. A 65-year-old man with a history of hypertension and myocardial infarction presents with progressive dyspnea, orthopnea, and lower extremity edema. Echocardiography reveals a left ventricular ejection fraction of 35%. Which of the following is the most likely cause of his heart failure? A. Dilated cardiomyopathy B. Ischemic cardiomyopathy C. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy D. Valvular heart… Read More »

MCQs on aortic valve stenosis

1. A 70-year-old man with a history of hypertension presents with progressive exertional dyspnea and angina. Physical examination reveals a harsh systolic murmur best heard at the right upper sternal border. Which of the following is the most appropriate next step in management? A. Initiate medical therapy with diuretics and vasodilators B. Perform stress echocardiography… Read More »

MCQs on rheumatic heart diseases

1. A 25-year-old woman presents with a history of recurrent episodes of fever, joint pain, and migratory polyarthritis. Physical examination reveals a new diastolic murmur. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis? A. Acute rheumatic fever B. Chronic rheumatic heart disease C. Systemic lupus erythematosus D. Rheumatoid arthritis E. Ankylosing spondylitis 2. A… Read More »

MCQs on Pericarditis

1. A 45-year-old man presents with sudden-onset chest pain that worsens with inspiration and lying down. Electrocardiography (ECG) shows diffuse ST-segment elevation. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis? A. Acute myocardial infarction B. Acute pericarditis C. Acute aortic dissection D. Acute pulmonary embolism E. Acute myocarditis 2. A 60-year-old man with a… Read More »

Multiple-choice questions on Cardiomyopathy

1. A 45-year-old man with a history of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy presents with syncope during exercise. Echocardiography reveals severe left ventricular outflow tract obstruction. Which of the following is the most appropriate next step in management? A. Initiate beta-blocker therapy B. Initiate disopyramide therapy C. Perform septal myectomy D. Perform alcohol septal ablation E. Recommend implantable… Read More »

MCQs on Atherosclerosis

1. A 58-year-old woman with a history of hyperlipidemia presents with progressive exercise intolerance and shortness of breath. An echocardiogram reveals severe aortic stenosis. Which of the following is the most likely underlying mechanism for this patient’s aortic stenosis? A. Calcific degeneration of the aortic valve B. Rheumatic heart disease C. Congenital bicuspid aortic valve… Read More »

MCQs on coronary heart disease

1. A 55-year-old man presents to the emergency department with sudden onset of chest pain, shortness of breath, and diaphoresis. An ECG shows ST-segment elevation in the anterior leads. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis? A. Unstable angina B. Non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction C. ST-elevation myocardial infarction D. Aortic dissection E. Pulmonary embolism… Read More »

MCQs on congenital heart diseases

1. A newborn infant presents with cyanosis and a harsh systolic murmur at the left upper sternal border. Which of the following congenital heart defects is most likely? a) Atrial septal defect b) Tetralogy of Fallot c) Ventricular septal defect d) Coarctation of the aorta 2. A 2-year-old child is brought in for evaluation of… Read More »

MCQs on the Tibia

1. Which of the following is NOT a surface feature of the tibia? a) Medial malleolus b) Lateral condyle c) Tuberosity d) Anterior crest 2. The tibia articulates with which of the following bones? a) Femur and fibula b) Femur and talus c) Talus and calcaneus d) Calcaneus and fibula 3. The nutrient artery of… Read More »

Mastering the NHRA Licensing Exam in Bahrain: A Comprehensive Guide

For healthcare professionals seeking to practice in the Kingdom of Bahrain, obtaining a license from the National Health Regulatory Authority (NHRA) is a crucial step. The NHRA licensing exam is a challenging assessment that tests your knowledge and skills in your respective field. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll provide you with valuable insights and resources… Read More »

Ace the HAAD Licensing Exam: A Comprehensive Guide for Healthcare Professionals in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi

The Health Authority – Abu Dhabi (HAAD) licensing exam is a critical step for healthcare professionals seeking to practice in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates (UAE). This exam ensures that healthcare providers meet the highest standards of knowledge and competency, ensuring patient safety and quality care. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll cover… Read More »

The Ultimate Guide to Acing the MRCP Exam: Preparation Tips, Books, Fees, and Eligibility

Introduction: The Membership of the Royal Colleges of Physicians (MRCP) is a prestigious postgraduate medical qualification recognized worldwide. It is a challenging exam that tests a physician’s knowledge, clinical skills, and competence in various aspects of medicine. If you’re an aspiring physician or a current medical professional looking to enhance your credentials, preparing for the… Read More »

Clinical MCQs on Polio Virus

1. A 5-year-old child presents with acute flaccid paralysis of the lower extremities. Which of the following viruses is the most likely causative agent? A. Influenza virus B. Poliovirus C. Rotavirus D. Varicella-zoster virus 2. A 3-year-old child has not received any vaccinations. Which of the following vaccines is recommended to prevent polio? A. Measles-mumps-rubella… Read More »

MCQs on Hepatitis C

1. What is the primary mode of transmission for hepatitis C? a) Fecal-oral b) Parenteral (Blood) c) Sexual d) Respiratory Answer: b) Parenteral (Blood) 2. Which of the following viruses is responsible for causing hepatitis C? a) HAV b) HBV c) HCV d) HDV Answer: c) HCV 3. What is the primary antigen found on… Read More »

MCQs on antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs)

1. Which of the following is an essential component of an antibody-drug conjugate (ADC)? a) Monoclonal antibody b) Cytotoxic drug c) Linker d) All of the above 2. The mechanism of action of ADCs primarily relies on: a) Targeting specific antigens on cancer cells b) Non-specific cytotoxicity c) Inhibiting cell division d) Inducing apoptosis in… Read More »

Clinical MCQs on the spinal cord

1. A 45-year-old patient presents with sudden onset of bilateral leg weakness and loss of sensation below the umbilicus after a motor vehicle accident. This is most suggestive of: A. Cervical spinal cord injury B. Thoracic spinal cord injury C. Lumbar spinal cord injury D. Cauda equina syndrome 2. A 60-year-old patient with a history… Read More »

Clinical MCQs on the parietal bone

1. A newborn baby presents with a soft, compressible swelling on the side of the head. This is most likely due to: A. Cephalohematoma B. Caput succedaneum C. Parietal osteomyelitis D. Parietal bone fracture 2. A 35-year-old patient sustains a head injury after a fall. Imaging reveals a linear fracture of the parietal bone. Which… Read More »

MCQs on the occipital bone

1. A newborn baby presents with a soft, compressible swelling on the back of the head. This is most likely due to: A. Cephalohematoma B. Caput succedaneum C. Occipital osteomyelitis D. Occipital bone fracture 2. A 45-year-old patient complains of severe headaches and neck pain after a motor vehicle accident. Imaging reveals a fracture of… Read More »